avatarRoderick Balenda


Discovering Africa: It’s Botswana’s time

This country never ceases to amaze me; it is my dream to go there as a tourist.

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During the period following its independence, Botswana was among the world’s poorest and most corrupt nations. Through perseverance, political reforms, radical development, national unity, and healthcare infrastructure, the nation’s leaders began to build the nation and put policies in place that raised the majority of people’s standard of living. Botswana boasts free public education and universal healthcare, making it one of the richest nations in Africa per capita.

Furthermore, one of the major producers of diamonds worldwide is Botswana. Because of its amazing scenery, rich cultural legacy, and diversified animals, this nation is also among the most fascinating in the world. I intend to cover every facet of this nation; my goal is to discuss every facet of the land; my aim is that you will find this country captivating and ultimately choose to visit it. Even though Botswana is among the safest nations in Africa, exercise common sense there as you would at home.

Botswana is a country in Southern Africa that shares borders with Namibia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Botswana is a prime illustration of how many Sub-Saharan African nations, many of which are still among the world’s poorest, need to quit offering justifications for their problems by attributing them to colonization, slavery, classism, imperialism, and other factors. Botswana has demonstrated remarkable development progress, swiftly rising from a low-income to an upper-middle-income country in less than 40 years after gaining its independence. The officials of Botswana did not sit back and wait for a divine intervention to solve their nation’s issues, nor did they waste time attributing the cause of those difficulties to Britain, Germany, and other colonial powers. They decided to work hard!


Botswana’s financial and political centers are in Gaborone. The image credits go to https://www.istockphoto.com/fr/search/2/image-film?phrase=downtown+gaborone+botswana. It is also the largest city in the nation.
Photo by Justice Hubane on Unsplash
Photo by Justice Hubane on Unsplash


The image credits go to https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=338972971972554&id=100075795620751&set=a.180915171111669. Francistown is the second-largest city in Botswana.

In Botswana, English is the official language and is utilized in the media, business, and public sectors. Other languages, such as Tswana and Ikalanga, are also spoken throughout the nation by the native populace. Regarding religious traditions, about 40% of the population practice local indigenous faiths, and the remaining 60% identify as Christians. Your tour operator or agency can make arrangements for interpreters in German, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, Italian, or French upon request if you need translation services. In addition, if necessary, your guide can act as an interpreter during social encounters when you are staying at a private camp or lodge.

Botswana is one of the best places to travel in Africa because of its amazing wilderness and animal areas. National parks, reserves, and wildlife management areas occupy about 38% of the nation’s total land area. You will have the impression that you are traveling through a vast natural wonderland as you pass through different regions of the nation. Since most of the parks are unfenced, animals can wander around in their native environments. As the final refuge for several critically endangered bird and mammal species, including the Wild Dog, Brown Hyena, Cheetah, Cape Vulture, Wattled Crane, Kori Bustard, and Pel’s Fishing Owl, Botswana is especially remarkable. Due to the profusion of wildlife, safaris are truly unique and frequently give visitors the impression that they are surrounded by wild animals.

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Bechuanaland, the former name of Botswana, was colonized by the British Empire. It was founded the Bechuanaland Protectorate in the late 1800s to exert authority over the essential to remember, though, that the German Empire was also interested in the region. British influence was reinforced in 1890 when the Bechuanaland Protectorate was expanded to include portions of northern Botswana. Territories such as Basuthuland (now Lesotho), Swaziland (now Eswatini), and Botswana were left out when the Union of South Africa (now known as Eswatini) was formed in 1910, encompassing several colonies and protectorates. At this point, to find out what the people living in these areas wanted for their political future, the British administration started holding consultations with them.

The British administration persistently postponed the transfer of these regions into South Africa, even in the face of repeated pleas by South African governments to do so. All chance of the UK or the territories accepting to be incorporated into South Africa was eliminated in 1961 with the election of the Nationalist government in South Africa in 1948, which brought about the apartheid system. On September 30, 1966, Botswana finally achieved independence from Great Britain. Leading figure Seretse Khama, who went on to become Botswana’s first president, was essential to the nation’s independence movement.

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From being one of the world’s poorest nationstings, including, to being one of the wealthiest in Africa; possibly even the world, Botswana had severe economic difficulties upon gaining independence in 1966. However, the nation has made incredible strides and is currently regarded as an upper-middle-income country in Africa thanks to hope, tenacity, unity within the nation, and a dedication to democracy. Botswana has driven progress in several sectors by efficiently utilizing its natural resources. Much work has gone into enhancing the transportation networks, hospital facilities, and other infrastructure necessary for economic expansion. To provide its residents with access to high-quality education, the government has also made investments in education. These programs have enhanced the general well-being of the populace and advanced the nation’s development.

To put it into perspective, the size of Botswana is similar to that of countries like Madagascar or France. In terms of demography, ethnic groups belonging to the Setswana tribe make up the majority of Botswana’s population or over 79%. About 11% of the population is made up of the Kalanga tribe, while the remaining 3% are the Basarwa or San people, who are also black ethnic groupings. Other ethnic groups that make up the remaining 7% are White Batswana/European Batswana, Indians, and smaller ethnic groups from Southern Africa. The cultural diversity of the nation is enhanced by indigenous groups such as the Bakgalagadi, Bambukushu, Basubia, Baherero, and Bayer. Both recent immigrants and the descendants of Indian immigrants who came from Mozambique make up Botswana’s Indian minority.

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The capital city of Gaborone and a significant metropolitan area called Francistown are the two biggest cities in Botswana. Together with these cities, the nation’s economy and urban development are influenced by important urban regions such as Mogoditshane, Maun, Molepolole, and Serowe. With tourism contributing over 12% of Botswana’s GDP, it is a major industry. Travelers worldwide are the Okavango Delta, Chobe National Park, and the Kalahari Desert. Travelers seek out Botswana because of its well-managed wildlife reserves, safari experiences, and cultural heritage sites.

Another important industry in Botswana’s economy is mining. With huge diamond reserves, the nation ranks among the world’s top producers of diamonds. The mining sector, which encompasses the extraction, processing, and trading of diamonds, makes a substantial economic contribution to the country and creates jobs. The economy of Botswana is also influenced by agriculture, mostly through livestock rearing and subsistence farming. Cattle ranching, sorghum, maize, millet, and other crops appropriate for the region’s climate and environment are the main agricultural pursuits in the nation. International and regional trade is a significant component of Botswana’s economic activity. The nation trades and exports a range of products, such as bottled water, diamonds, beef, and textiles.

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With a population of only 2.5 million, Botswana is bigger inawn to the nation by its varied natural set size than nations such as Belgium, the Netherlands, Hungary, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon, while having a sizable land area. Its low population density helps to preserve its biodiversity and natural beauty by enabling the existence of large wilderness areas. Combining a variety of economic sectors — such as commerce, tourism, mining, and agriculture — has been essential to Botswana’s growth and transformation into one of the continent’s most economically successful countries. Botswana’s game reserves are among the best in Africa. The country is home to the famous Okavango Delta, one of the largest inland deltas in the world, offering stunning scenery and an abundance of wildlife. You can take speedboat safaris, mokoro (traditional canoe) rides, or, hiking tours to explore this unique region.

Chobe National Park is another jewel of Botswana. It is renowned for its high density of elephants, which congregate in large numbers near the Chobe River during the dry season. You can also find a wide variety of other animal species here, including lions, leopards, giraffes, zebras, and many species of birds. The Kalahari Desert occupies a large part of Botswana, offering breathtaking desert landscapes. It is one of the largest sand deserts in the world and is home to communities of San hunter-gatherers, who have a deep knowledge of this harsh environment. You can immerse yourself in their culture and learn about their traditions and way of life. Sustainable tourism is a priority in Botswana.

The country is committed to preserving its natural environment and wildlife. Many private reserves and hunting concessions support conservation projects and practice environmentally friendly tourism. By visiting these areas, you contribute to the protection of fragile ecosystems and the sustainability of tourism in the country.

Apart from safaris, Botswana offers other enriching experiences. You can visit local villages and learn about the culture and traditions of different communities in the country. Traditional dances, music, crafts, and local cuisine are an integral part of the Botswana cultural experience.

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The development and prosperity of Botswana is a source of inspiration for other countries, not only in Africa but also globally. It emphasizes how crucial tenacity, confidence, and resolve are to conquering obstacles and making noteworthy progress. The country of Botswana’s rise from poverty to prosperity is a testament to the strength of creative leadership, efficient administration, and the tenacity of its people. Botswana has been able to use its natural and human resources to propel economic growth, upgrade infrastructure, and improve the well-being of its people because they have faith in their own abilities. The story of Botswana inspires other countries to acknowledge that hindrances and constraints need not dictate their destiny.

It proves that amazing progress is possible when there is willpower, cohesion, and a strong sense of national identity. It proves that when there is a group vision and commitment to positive change, quitting is never an option. Every country can rise above difficulties and accomplish greatness, as demonstrated by Botswana’s achievements. Nations may design their own routes to progress and prosperity by valuing their own qualities, encouraging an innovative and inclusive culture, and making investments in their citizens. The accomplishments of Botswana are deserving of recognition because they inspire and encourage other countries to have faith in their own potential and keep striving for their objectives. The history of Botswana is proof of the extraordinary potential that any country possesses and shows that great things are achievable with tenacity and resolve.





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